Monday, May 25, 2020
As a CEO of a corporation there is nothing more rewarding then maximizing the wealth of your shareholders, in addition, to increasing the value of the firm. However, it should not be done unethically and jeopardize the financial, social status as well as the reputation of the company, ultimately causing them to suffer in the end. There are systems put into place to avoid such acts that are generally overseen by the board of the directors of organization. In most companies the board of directors consists of shareholders or former employees of the company. Due to the recent scandals in corporate America many companies have acted quickly in actually implementing rules and regulations. They are sometimes referred to as the ethical codes.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Women are known to be a bit more Ã¢â¬Å"sensitiveÃ¢â¬ than a man, therefore sheÃ¢â¬â¢ more opted to working or dealing with charitable events due to their dire need of help. I am not implying that companies headed by women are more or least successful than one headed by a man. I am simply implying that they will do better in the Ã¢â¬Å"social responsibility aspects of the big picture. Ethical codes are normally adopted by corporation to help set forth the moral structure of a company. They are often set up to help organizations to make the Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ decision in certain situations. Ethical codes generally has three different levels (Wikipedia, 2011), code of ethics (corporate and business ethics), code of conduct (employee ethics), and code of practice (professional ethics). Code of ethics is defined as the general principals of an organization that summarizes their beliefs (QFinance Ã¢â¬â The Ultimate Resource, 2009). Rodriquez-Dominquez, Gallego-Alvarez, and Garcia-Sanchez (2009) state Ã¢â¬Å"recent corporate scandals have demonstrated the need to create internal codes of conduct and apply them to the members of the board of directors and top management in order to uphold the reputation, ethical behavior and integrity of the companyÃ¢â¬ . (p.187) According to (Rodriquez-Dominquez, 2009), recent research has shown a positive correlation Ã¢â¬Å "between corporate social responsibility and several characteristics of corporate governanceÃ¢â¬ . The results also showShow MoreRelatedThe Ethics Of The Corporate Governance1564 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Corporate Governance refers to the mechanisms, rules and regulations in which companies and governing bodies are put into task on various occurrences under their performance. It can be said to be a guideline which directs how companies achieve their objectives and more so how these objectives are set. In this case, abiding to the ASX corporate Governance Council has its merits and limitations at the same time. By abiding to the principle of laying solid foundations for the oversightRead MoreCase Studies of Business Ethics Corporate Governance3354 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesAn Assignment of Business Ethics amp; Corporate Governance CASE STUDIES Module I BHOPAL GAS TRAGEDY December 3, 2009, marked the 25th anniversary of the worlds worst ever industrial disaster - the gas leak that occurred at Union Carbide India Ltds (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh, India). The tragedy that instantly killed more than 3,000 people and left thousands injured and affected for life, occurred when water entered Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) storage tank No. 610Read MoreEmployment-At-Will Doctrine - Law, Ethics, and Corporate Governance1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEmployment-At-Will Doctrine Ronald V. Smiley Strayer University Law, Ethics, and Corporate Governance LEG-500 Dr. Diane Barrs April 15, 2012 Employment-At-Will Doctrine The first issue to learn is the employment relationships are presumed to be Ã¢â¬Å"at-willÃ¢â¬ in all U.S. states except Montana. The U.S. is one of a handful of countries where employment is predominantly at-will. Most countries throughout the world allow employers to dismiss employees only for cause. The training should firstRead MoreCorporate Governance and Business Ethics Case Study2156 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesASSIGNMENT NO.1 Subject: CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Topic: Business Ethics scenario Case Study Date: 7th March 2011 Submitted by: Miss. Janhavi R Joshi Submitted to: Professor Mrs. Monica Khanna 1. Receiving a Holiday Gift: A supplier sends a basket of expensive foodstuffs to your home at Christmas with a card: We hope you and your family enjoy the goodies.. What action(s) might you want to take? Answer: Ethical dilemma: There are two reasons for such generosity from the SupplierRead MoreWhat Must Be Done to Improve Ethics in Finance and Corporate Governance?1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesU10A2- Essay Louise Pettiford What must be done to improve ethics in finance and corporate governance? Corporate governance can be referred to the rules, processes, or laws by which businesses are operated, regulated and controlled. It can also refer to internal factors defined by the officers, stockholders or constitution of a corporation. After finding the meaning of Corporate governance, which can also be referred to corporate responsibility, I thought about the policies in which the companyRead MoreEvaluate the Internal and External Influence on Primark and Relate to It to Best Practices, Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethics?1757 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesINDEX HISTORY OF PRIMARK PESTEL ANALYSIS SWOT ANALYSIS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ETHICS CONCLUSION REFERENCES Evaluate the internal and external influence on Primark and relate to it to best practices, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility and ethics? Majority organizations need best practices for achieving organizational objectives in the terms of profit, social and ethics issues. PrimarkÃ¢â¬â¢s best practice frame work is discussingRead Morecorporate governance1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSummary: Corporate governance is an essential part of modern company operations and management , it relates to business ethics, code of conduct and system to manage a company. However, there are many corporate scandals due to the failure of corporate governance. This report analyzes the corporate governance from multiple aspects. It is through the understanding the relationship between corporate governance and business ethics, evaluating the ASX principles as a guidelines to corporate governance and analyzingRead MoreWhy Ethics Are Important to Auditors1355 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesit. Although the process producing a judgment may involve an audit as an independent professional, its aim is to give a measurement instead of expressing an opinion for the accuracy of statements or the level of excellence in their performance. Ethics may be defined as the actions showed by an individual on himself to ensure his continued survival across the dynamics. It is a personal thing. A person individually performs a task according to his style of work; then he considers himself ethicalRead More Corporate Governance Evaluation and Rating Essay examples1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCorporate Governance Evaluation and Rating Nowadays it is not unusual for an investor to reflect governance matters while deciding about investment determinations. As a result, numerous corporations are in the business of rating corporate governance procedures of public companies. Some corporations offer credit ratings in addition to governance ratings. As far back as the 70Ã¢â¬â¢s organizations have dealt with business ethics in a host of different approaches which includes the institution of complianceRead MoreSatyam Computer Services LImited Essay example1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEmirates, TRW, i2 Technologies and Ford. Satyam had established itÃ¢â¬â¢s self as a global IT company. By 2008, SatyamÃ¢â¬â¢s revenues were more than US $2 billion. It received the Ã¢â¬Å"Golden Peacock AwardÃ¢â¬ for excellence in corporate governance from the World Council for Corporate Governance. Its outside auditing firm was PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) and Merrill Lynch was its deal advisor. Its board of directors was made up of executive and non-executives of the company. All of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s quarterly and
Friday, May 15, 2020
Falalalala is the French version of Deck the Halls. They are sung to the same tune, but the lyrics are quite different. The translation given here is the literal translation of the French Christmas carol. Que lon chante quon sapprÃ ªteFa la la la la, la la la laSonnez pipeaux et trompettesFa la la la la, la la la laCar cest la joie quon apporteFa la la, la la la, la la laOuvrez donc grandes vos portesFa la la la la, la la la la. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Let us sing let us get readyFa la la la la, la la la laRing pipes and trumpetsFa la la la la, la la la laSince its joy that we bringFa la la, la la la, la la laOpen your doors wideFa la la la la, la la la la Dans les villes et les villagesFa la la la la, la la la laRÃ ©pandons notre messageFa la la la la, la la la laProclamons la joie profondeFa la la, la la la, la la laQue Dieu a donnÃ © au mondeFa la la la la, la la la la Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In cities and townsFa la la la la, la la la laLet us spread our messageFa la la la la, la la la laLet us proclaim the profound joyFa la la, la la la, la la laThat God has given the worldFa la la la la, la la la la Voici les cloches qui sonnentFa la la la la, la la la laQue le nouvel an nous donneFa la la la la, la la la laUn coeur rempli de tendresseFa la la, la la la, la la laCest la plus belle richesseFa la la la la, la la la la Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Here are the clocks chimingFa la la la la, la la la laMay the new year give usFa la la la la, la la la laA heart full of tendernessFa la la, la la la, la la laIts the most beautiful wealthFa la la la la, la la la la
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
MARIE CURIE AND THE STUDY OF RADIOACTIVITY nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Marie Curie was born, Maria Sklodowska on November 7, 1867. She grew up in Warsaw, Poland. She would become famous for her research on radioactivity. Marie Curie was the first woman to ever win a Nobel prize, and the first ever to win two Nobel prizes. She is most famous for the discovery of Radium and Polonium. Her work not only influenced the development of fundamental science, but also began a new era in medical research and treatment. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Maria was the last of five children. Her oldest sister died of Typhus, one sister became a teacher and a brother and a sister both became physicians. Her family was not very rich, but education wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦During Maries time, the atom was thought to be the smallest particle in existence. At first, Marie and Pierre Curie believed that perhaps the atom was covered with cosmic rays. Marie tested numerous elements to find if other ones than Uranium would make the air conduct electricity better. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Pierre was so interested in Maries work, that he joined forces with her. Her research had revealed that two uranium ores, pitchblende and chalcolite were much more radioactive that pure uranium. Marie concluded that the highly radioactive nature of these ores may possibly be due to undiscovered elements. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In July of 1898, Marie and Pierre Cure discovered Polonium. They named the element after Maries birth country, Poland. Chemically, this new element was very similar to bismuth, but it contained radioactivity, so it must be new. In December of 1898, the Curies discovered yet another element. They named this one radium, from the Latin word for ray. The two new elements had completely different chemical properties, but they both had very strong radioactivity. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;It was not easy for Marie and Pierre to convince the science community of their new findings. Marie succeeded in separating the radium from the barium, but it wasnt easy. She had to treat very large amounts of pitchblende, but she had plenty of pitchblende to use. (The CuriesShow MoreRelatedThe Life of Marie Curie Essay examples837 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI chose to do my project on Marie Curie, the woman who discovered radium and polonium. She was born Mary Sklodowska on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland and died July 4, 1934 in Passy, France at the age of 67. In 1895, Marie married a professor named Pierre Curie at the age of 26. She was the first woman to complete a doctorate in France in MMMM at the age xxx. And in MMMMM, Curie was also the first female professor at the Sorbonne. She was the first person to use the term Ã¢â¬Å"radioactivityÃ¢â¬ , whichRead MoreMarie Curie s Life And Accomplishments1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMarie Curie is an inspiration to many women because of her dedication to scientific discovery that resulted in her being the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. It was, and still is, difficult for women to establish themselves in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) field as related professions have historically been male dominated. However, Marie CurieÃ¢â¬â¢s work with radiation and the Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry that followed opened the door of possibilities for womenRead MoreMarie Curie s On The Discovery Of Radium1079 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis source I decided to choose to write about is Marie CurieÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"On the Discovery of RadiumÃ¢â¬ . This was a firsthand account by Madame Marie Curie herself when she addressed Vasser College on May 14th 1921. Madame Curie, while discussing her past with the discovery of radium, could have talked about the whole history of her experimentation, but broke it down to a very brief account. I will have to say, that even though it was a short and brief writing, it took longer to read due to the lack of myRead MoreBiography of Marie and Pierre Curie Essay2008 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesresearch over Marie and Pierre Curie I was able to put together this paper. This paper contains information about the life of Pierre and Marie Curie and their significance to physics and science in general. Pierre and Marie Curie are best known for their pioneering work in the study of radioactivity. The coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s work led to their discovery of the elements radium and polonium (Dick). Pierre Curie was born on May 15, 1859. He was born in Paris, France. PierreÃ¢â¬â¢s parents were Eugene Curie and Sophie-ClaireRead More Marie Curie Essay899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Marie Curie, or rather Marya Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867. At the time, the Polish capital was occupied by the Russians, who were seeking to weaken the local elite . Based on the value of experience and scientific reality, and applied to society, it was for many intellectuals the path of progress, it was to leave an indelible mark on Marya. Born into a family of teachers and brought up in an environment marked by a sense of duty and a lack of money, she led the most remarkableRead MoreThe Life Of Marie Curie1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe life of Marie Curie and her Einstein Number Marie Curie, born Maria Sklodowska was born in Warsaw, Poland. Gaining her basic education in public schools and some of her scientific training from her father. As a student she became involved in a Student s Revolutionary organization and found it necessary to leave Warsaw. This move helping to give her the means to begin her longstanding career in science. She would eventually become one of the most famous women in science to date, an icon inRead MoreEssay about Marie Curie851 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Marie Curie LIFE OF MARIE CURIE nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Marie Curie(1867-1934) was a French physicist with many accomplishments in both physics and chemistry. Marie and her husband Pierre, who was also a French physicist, are both famous for their work in radioactivity. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Marie Curie, originally named Marja Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw, Poland on Nov.7, 1867. Her first learning of physics came from her father who taught it in high school. Maries father mustRead MoreMarie Curie: Radium Essay521 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesit is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more so that we may fear less.Ã¢â¬ (Lewis, Jone Johnson). Marie Curie was always one step ahead of herself. She would always say, Ã¢â¬Å"Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas.Ã¢â¬ (Lewis, Jone Johnson). She wanted to find something no one else had found and make things no one would ever think about making. Marie Curie was the founder of Radium. Radium is the chemical element of atomic number 88. It is a rare radioactive metal of theRead More Pierre And Marie Curie Essay1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPierre and Marie Curie and the Discovery of Polonium and Radium nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Marie and Pierre Curies pioneer research was again brought to mind when nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;on 20 April last year, their bodies were taken from their place of burial at Sceaux, nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;just outside Paris, and in a solemn ceremony were laid to rest under the mighty nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;dome of the PanthÃ ©on. Marie Curie thus becameRead MoreThe Life And Accomplishments Of Marie Curie Essay1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMarie Curie was born on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. Her first few years were very trying on her spirits; her sister died from typhus, and four years later, her mother. Despite her difficult childhood, however, Curie went on to graduate at the top of her high school class at the age of fifteen. Due to her gender and Russian reprisals following the January Uprising, she was prohibited from going to a university, and therefore attended the illegal underground Flying University. In 1891, howeve r
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Duties of Seamen in Ships Deck Department Officers, BosÃ¢â¬â¢n, Able Seamen and Ordinary Seamen run this department The many and varied duties of the deck department are probably the most important and interesting aboard a merchant ship. Upon those who spend their working hours topside falls a burden that ranges from chipping and scaling paint to the actual navigation of the vessel. Merchant ships differ in size and complement, but the average ship that sails the seven seas today, bringing war material to our armies and those of our allies, generally conforms to a single pattern of manpower.The duties of those men also run true to form, more or less, but as the saying goes among seamen Ã¢â¬Å"different ship, different long splice. Ã¢â¬ All of which is translated as meaning that different ships and masters have their own way of doing things. Generally, however, they are similar. Starting at the bottom is the Ordinary Seaman (OS) whose duties actually are to assist the able seaman. In reality, however, he is the deck utility man and may be called upon to do any one of many tasks.The ordinary may be called upon to stand a lookout, to scale and chip paint, to paint, handle lines in the mooring of the ship, and to assist in the actual tying up and letting go of the vessel. The ordinary also assists in the handling and operation of all deck gear such as topping, cradling and housing of booms and he may also be asked to aid the carpenter in repair work. It is likely that the ordinary may be allowed to act as helmsman, to read the draft markings or to act as cargo watch in the loading and discharging of cargo. Calling the watch (the awakening of men, including officers, who are slated to go on watch or to so remind them if they are awake) is another of the important duties of the ordinary. He also assists in emergency drills (lifeboat, abandon ship and fire) and keeps the passageways and heads in shipshape condition on the 4 to 8 watch. He may also work aloft or over the side. The Able Seaman (AB), by law, must be able to perform any deck duties aside from the actual navigation of the vessel.In general his duties include the ability to splice wire or fibre line, to work aloft and over the side of the ship, to operate the deck machinery such as the windlass or winches, to paint and mix paint, to know the principles of cargo stowage, to be a good wheelsman and competent lookout, to overhaul and install any running or standing rigging on the ship, and to be able to sew, repair and mend canvas. The AB must be a competent and certified lifeboatman, able to handle a lifeboat under oars or sail. He must know lifeboat equipment and be able to assume the duties of the coxÃ¢â¬â¢n or man in charge of the lifeboat. It will also be the duty of the AB to maintain the bridge in a clean and shipshape condition. Next on the way up the deck department ladder is the BoÃ¢â¬â¢sn (Boatswain), senior unlicensed man on the ship. He is the direct contact between the crew and the chief mate and he may be likened to a foreman in any industrial plant. The BoÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢n must be an experienced seaman and is held responsible for anything and everything in the maintenance, care and protection of deck equipment and deck cargo. He also supervises the securing of the ship for sea and the loading and discharging of cargo.In addition, the BosÃ¢â¬â¢n assists the chief mate in ordering the deck stores. The duties of the ships Carpenter (Chips) are numerous. He is likely to be called upon to perform work which, in many cases, is beyond that which the term carpenter implies ashore. In short, he is both a seaman and a mechanic. In addition to doing temporary or permanent wood construction aboard ship with hand tools, he is responsible for the operation of the anchor windlass, seeing that hatch wedges are driven properly, that the deck cargo is properly lashed and that the hatch battens are in place and secure.The carpenter also repairs blocks, keeps the lifeboat davits in good order, builds temporary or permanent partitions, shores or braces weakened or damaged bulkheads, rigs a collision mat, builds a soft patch in the event of bulging or collision, replaces broken rivets and he will assume command of an emergency crew to repair damage in event of a collision. A Quartermaster is not a fixture on all vessels. On the larger ships, he is primarily a wheelsman and maintains the bridge and its equipment in shipshape order.He is conversant wit h signaling procedure, stands a gangway watch in port (responsible for the safety and security of the ship as well as escorting persons aboard who have business) and he is able to perform the duties of an able seaman (splicing line, reaving a halyard, etc. ). Ã¢â¬Å"Day men,Ã¢â¬ those who work with the BoÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢n, are usually picked for outstanding ability. They work from 0800 to 1700 and stand no night watches. Their duties are the maintenance of the ship, which includes operating the anchor windlass, winches and other deck machinery.The Third Mate is the junior deck officer and normally stands the 8 to 12 watch. He is responsible for all life-saving equipment. In addition, the third mate keeps the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s log, follows the captainÃ¢â¬â¢s orders, and assists in the navigation of the vessel. In port, he will assist or supervise in the loading and discharging of cargo. His place is on the bridge with the captain while docking. The Second Mate, usually the navigation officer, plots courses and takes celestial and terrestrial fixes.In peacetime he is the communications officer but the Naval officer in charge of the armed guard crew is rapidly assuming those duties because many of the messages now received are in secret code. The second mate also handles the after deck when tying up. He stands the 12 to 4 watch. The First or Chief Mate is responsible for the maintenance of the ship and proper stowage of cargo. He handles the fore deck in tying up, is a good navigator, a thorough seaman, possesses the necessary qualities of leadership and will assume command of the vessel in the event of the masterÃ¢â¬â¢s death or inability to command the ship.He stands the 4 to 8 watch. This brings us to the Captain who is lord and master of all he surveys. Actually his title is Ã¢â¬Å"Master. Ã¢â¬ He is in charge of everything and everyone aboard ship. He must be as closely acquainted with the stewardÃ¢â¬â¢s department and the engine department as he is with the bridge and he must know the reason for every job performed aboard his vessel. It should be remembered that the Master is the agent of the company which owns the ship and is not a member of the crew. He represents the company in every operation of the ship under his command.His is the full responsibility of the ship. Although he stands no watches he will always be found, in the event of foul weather or fog, on the weather side of the bridge until the danger is over, even though such foul weather lasts for 24, 48 or even 72 hours at a stretch. In any emergency the captain will be up on the bridge conning his ship, despite the fact that he may have sunk exhausted on his bunk after a long vigil just three hours ago. The captain also may act in the Shipping CommissionerÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity in signing off a crew after a coastwise trip.It is required of a master, as well as all his mates, that he have a first aid certificate and be capable of administering, if necessary, to the medical needs of the crew. Any one of the deck officers from the Third Mate up will be in charge of any one of the lifeboats in abandoning ship. When a ship is at sea, the watches are usually four hours on and eight hours off, but the crew may be broken out at any time in the event of an emergency. While in port, watches are usually broken. The crew works from 0800 to 1700 with an hour for chow.The ordinary or able seamen agree among themselves, as a general rule, as to which will stand the gangway watch at night. It is important to remember that although every man in the deck department has specific duties, he must be absolutely familiar with the duties of the men who rank above him.  Deck department  Chief officer/chief mate Main article: Chief mate The chief officer (often called the chief mate in the United States) is the head of the deck department on a merchant vessel, second-in-command after the ships master.The chief mates primary responsibilities are the vessels cargo operations, its stability, and supervising the deck crew. The mate is responsible for the safety and security of the ship, as well as the welfare of the crew on board. Additional duties include maintenance of the ships hull, cargo gears, accommodations, the life saving appliances and the firefighting appliances. The Chief Mate also trains the crew and cadets on various aspects like safety, firefighting, search and rescue, and various other contingencies.On most vessels, the chief officer and first officer (or first mate) are synonymous, but passenger vessels often carry a separate first officer who is junior to the chief officer.   Second officer/second mate Main article: Second mate The second officer (or second mate) of a merchant vessel is usually in charge of navigation and is the next licensed position above third officer and below chief officer. The second mate typically stands the 12-4 navigation watch. That is, the second mate will stand watch from 1200 to 1600 at noon and again from 0000 to 0400 in the night s. The second mate is typically the navigation officer aboard a ship. The navigation officer is responsible for maintaining the charts and navigational equipment on the bridge. The duties also usually entail developing the voyage plans under the direction of the ships master. In the United States system, it takes 360 days of sea service as a licensed Third Officer before one can become a Second Officer.  The other duties of this position often depend upon the type of ship worked aboard.He planned to destroy the EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s sun, giving him access to a powerful energy source and annihilating the human race in the process. In order to destroy the sun, he needed a massive device buried somewhere in Egypt. But his brothers were loyal to the human race and wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let him destroy the world. Instead, they sacrificed their lives to protect the keyÃ¢â¬âthe only object that would engage the device. Sam (Shia Labeouf) is heading off to college 3000 miles away from his girlfriend MacKayla (Megan Fox), his overprotective and emotional mother, and his anxious father.While packing, he finds a sliver of the energy cube (which was destroyed in the previous film) attached to his sweatshirt. When he touches it, the sliver sends signals into his mind, causing him to see symbols which he later discovers are the lost language of the Primes. These symbols lead him, his girlfriend, his cowardly roommate, and a robot expert to Egypt in search of the key that will engage the sun-destroying device. The Decepticons set out in search of Sam, planning to probe his mind for the symbols and then destroy him. The Autobots come to his rescue, but Optimus Prime, the last member of the Prime family, pays the ultimate sacrifice. With Optimus Prime gone, the fallen can rise again and set forth his plan to destroy the planet. Now both Sam and the Fallen seek the key; not only does it have the power to engage the sun-blasting device, but it can also resurrect Optimus Prime. Review The first Transformers movie was a smashing success, proving to all the sceptics that films about transforming robots could be serious and satisfying.Transformers 2: Revenge of the Fallen did not fair so well. The actors, particularly SamÃ¢â¬â¢s mother (played by Julie White), took more liberties than their roles allowed, making the opening scenes particularly corny. Julie White acted over the top and embarrassingly silly. The film redeemed itself with mind-blowing action sequences and special effects. There were more robot fight scenes, more destruction of world famous landmarks, and more dynamic and creatively constructed Autobots. For the fight scenes alone, this movie is worth seeing in theatres.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Si duhet ta mbajne fjalen sundimtaret Secili e di sa eshte per lavdate kur sundimtari e mban fjalen e jeton me nder e jo me dinakeri, megjithate, ne kohet tona, pervoja po tregon se vepra te medha kane bere ata sundimtare qe i kane kushtuar pak kujdes fjales se dhene e kane ditur me dinakeri t'i sjellin verdalle kokat e njerezve, e qe, me ne fund, kane triumfuar mbi ata te cilet jane mbeshtetur ne ligjshmeri. Pra, duhet te dini se ekgzistojne dy menyra lufte: me ligje e me force. E para, eshte cilesi e njeriut, e dyta, cilesi e shtazeve; mirepo, meqenese e para shpesh nuk mjafton, lypset te zbatohet e dyta. Prandaj, sundimtari duhet te dije mire te sillet me cilesite e shtazes e te njeriut. Mbasi, pra, sundimtari eshte i detyruar te dije mire te sillet si kafshe, lypset te zgjedhe prej tyre dhelpren e luanin: luanin, sepse nuk ruhet nga kurthi; dhelpren, sepse nuk ruhet nga ujqit. Duhet, pra, te jesh dhelper qe t'i njohesh kurthet, ndersa luan, qe t'i trembesh ujqit. Ata qe i trashegojne thjesht vetite e luanit, nuk ia mberrine qellimit si sundimtar. Prandaj sundimtari i mencur nuk duhet ta mbaje fjalen nese ajo shkon ne dem te tij dhe po qe se jane zhdukur shkaqet qe e kane shtyre te premtoje. Sikur te gjithe njerezit te ishin te mire, kjo keshille nuk do te ishte e mire; mirepo, mbasi jane te keqij e mbasi ata nuk do ta mbanin fjalen ndaj teje, as ti nuk duhet ta mbash ndaj tyre. Kurre sundimtarit nuk i kane munguar shkaqet e verteta per te arsyetuar mos mbajtjen e fjales. Lidhur me kete, do te mund te jepeshin shembuj te panumerta qe kane ndodhur rishtas e te tregohet se sa marreveshje per paqe, sa premtime kane mbetur te pavlere e te kota per shkak te pabesise se sundimtareve: ai qe ka ditur, te luaje rolin e dhelpres me mire, ka pasur me shume sukses. Mirepo, lypset te dish mire ta maskosh kete natyre e te jesh shtinjak i madh e hipokrit: njerezit jane aq naiv e aq u binden nevojave prezente sa qe, ai i cili mashtron, gjithmone do te gjeje sish qe lejojne te mashtrohen.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
The Electoral Commission If Ghana Past and Present Essays The Electoral Commission If Ghana Past and Present Essay The Electoral Commission If Ghana Past and Present Essay The hallmark of a democratic system is the willingness of the principal actors/interest in society to accept the inherently uncertain outcomes of the electoral competition. An electoral system is a method by which votes are translated into legislative seats. The Electoral arena in democracy is the most important element of politics; because it is the primary forum of intergroup competition. It is in the house of parliament not in the streets that individuals and groups in multi-ethnic societies are expected to resolve their difference. GhanaÃ¢â¬â¢s electoral system has the following basic characteristic: * Universal adult suffrage for citizens who are 18 years or older (it used to be 21 years up to the advent of the Second Republic); * Official registration of voters; * Non-compulsory registration or voting; * Secret ballot; * Registration of political parties; Political parties are not allowed to sponsor candidates for elections to District Assemblies and lower local government units; * Presidential election where the winner requires more than 50% of the valid votes cast; * Parliamentary and local elections on the basis of the first-past-the post; * A run-off election in case no winner emerges on the first ballot; * No minimum voter turn-out required for presidential/parliamentary elections; and * A permanent electoral commission; IMPORTANCE OF THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM Political institutions shape the rules of the game in which democracy is practiced and is often said that the easiest political institution to manipulate for bad or good is the electoral system. In translating votes cast in an election into seats in the legislature, the choice of electoral system can effectively determine who is elected and which party gains power. Under the current study only two most commonly practiced electoral systems will be thoroughly considered: the First Past the Post and the Proportional Representation systems. Though is a known fact that most countryÃ¢â¬â¢s political framework are often specified in the constitution and thus difficult to amend, electoral system change can thus be subject to manipulations by unscrupulous majority. Mill (1958) The choice of an electoral system may lead a country to formation of coalition government or a minority government while another may allow one party to assume majority control. 2. 1. 2 ELECTORAL SYSTEM AND PARTY SYSTEM The consequences of an electoral system may go beyond primary effects: Some encourage or enforce the formation of political parties; others recognize only individual candidates, others encourage the relative sizes of political parties in the legislature, so is the internal cohesion and the discipline of political parties; some may allow factionalism, while another system encourage parties to speak with one voice and suppress dissent. Mr. Chairman, I must say past attempts to build democracy without parties have failed. Notable examples are the George Washingtons, General De Gaulle, Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin THE INFLUENCE OF AN ELECTORAL SYSTEM An electoral system can influence the way a party campaign and the behavior of political elite, determine the broader political climate, encourage or retard alliances between/among parties. The electoral system can serve as an incentive for parties and groups to be broadly based and accommodating or to base themselves on narrow appeals to ethnicity or kinship ties. THE ROLE OF THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION IN THE DEMOCRATIZATION PROCESS. The framework for the structure of the Electoral Commission of Ghana can be found in 3 articles of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana. Articles 43(1),52 and actile53. There are three models of election management bodies in the world. 1. The Independent Model of Electoral Management 2. The Governmental Model of Electoral Management 3. And the Mixed Model of Electoral Management Some guiding principles for all EMBs: * Independence . Impartiality. Intergrity. Transparency. Efficiency * Professionalism . Service -mindedness FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION The functions and powers of the Commission are spelt out by the Constitution (see Article 45 in particular) and other laws. They may be summarized as follows: * The compilation of the voters register; * The demarcation and periodic revision of electoral boundaries for national and local elections; * The conduct and supervision of all public elections and referenda; * Voter education; * Setting the dates of public elections; Making regulations for the performance of its functions; * Appointment of staff in consultation with the Public Service Commission; * Issuance of national identity cards; As amended by EC Amendment Act 2003 section 2(d) to undertake the preparation of voter identity cards and in section 12(1c) the issue of voter identity cards to repeal the identity cards Decree 1972. * The registration of political parties and supervision of the election of their national and regional exe cutive members; STATUTORY FUNCTIONS Conduct of election of the officers of certain statutory bodies, including: the Trades Union Congress (TUC), the Veterans Association of Ghana (VAG), the Ghana Medical and Dental Association, the Houses of Chiefs, and the District Assemblies. * Proper storage of election materials * Empowers the Commission to register Ghana citizens living abroad i. e persons in service of Ghana or govt duty or UN missions and their spouse. THE MISSION STATEMENT OF THE COMMISSION The EC is a Constitutional body mandated to deliver free and fair elections as a means of advancing the course of democracy and good governance in Ghana. This is to be achieved by: * Developing a professional competent work force that exhibit a high sense of personal integrity. * Building confidence and trust in the electoral system. * Establishing transparency and verifiable electoral process. * Maintaining a high level of accountability of resources made available by the State and Donors. * Treating all stakeholders in elections fairly. Maintaining a reliable and credible voters register and Making the electorate knowledgeable about their rights and responsibilities. ABSTRACT In the early days of democratic elections in most African countries, elections were managed by a department of governments, usually located in a ministry. The changes over a period have increasingly been the establishment of a separate body for purposes of the administration and management of elections. Electo ral Commissions in Africa differs in their structures, functions, powers and the tenure of their members . In spite of this , ideally, the main attribute of an independent electoral commission as in the case of Ghana includes: a practical rather than theoretical legal guarantee of the independent of the commission from government or any other external body, security of tenure of office, commissionÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to hire, train, reward, discipline and fire it own staff and the provision of adequate resources for the commission to effectively carry out its functions must be guarantee and enforced in law. An overview of the electoral Commission of Ghana, obviously shown an overhaul of the entire set up in order to guarantee transparency, cost-effectiveness election management, use of technology and true collaboration with political parties. In this regard, with the exception of a few things that require secrecy, election administration is seen as public business which must not only be done in the open but must also be opened to public scrutiny. The lessons offered by the Ghanaian experience shown a distinction between a theoretical and practical independent election management body undergoing real structural and non-structural changes in the discharge of its mandates. A condition, I hope other African election administrators are increasingly positioned to an acceptance of this principle.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
The Philosophical Naturalism Of David Hume - Essay Example Humes influence is evident in the works of quite a lot of other philosophers, among whom are: Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, Jeremy Bentham, Charles Darwin, and Thomas Henry Huxley. The diverseness of these writers shows what they gleaned from reading Hume; it reflects not only the richness of their sources but also the wide range of Humes empiricism. Contemporary philosophers recognize Hume as one of the most thoroughgoing exponents of philosophical naturalism. David Hume sought to develop more fully the consequences of Locke's cautious empiricism by applying the scientific methods of observation to a study of human nature itself. He was of the opinion that we cannot rely on the common-sense pronouncements of popular superstition, which illustrate human conduct without offering any illumination, nor can we achieve any genuine progress by means of abstract metaphysical speculation, which imposes a spurious clarity upon profound issues- that we are entirely unjustified in thinking that we can ever know anything about matters of fact. He thought that the alternative is to reject all easy answers; employing the negative results of philosophical skepticism as a legitimate place to start. Hume felt that since human beings live and function in the world, we should try to observe how they do so. The key principle to be applied to any investigation of our cognitive capacities is, then, an attempt to discover the causes of human belief. According to Hume, the proper goal of philosophy is simply to explain why we believe what we do. His own attempt to achieve that goal was the focus of Book I of his book, the Treatise of Human Nature and all of the first Enquiry.